S.E. California, Western Arizona, S. Nevada, S. Utah, Sonora Mexico
Sandy flats, and rocky hillsides
9-15 inch shell
Herbivore; grasses, cactus pads, and fruit
Vegetables and fruit
Threatened, protected by Arizona state law
Humans and vehicles
Legs are heavy and elephant like. Fore legs have clawed toes for digging. They have no teeth, but bite off food with sharp edged and serrated jaws. Top shell (carapace) is domed; bottom shell (plastron) is flat in females, concave in adult males.
Digs burrows to seek shelter and warmth during the winter.
Retracts head and legs into shell
Quadruped uses inner edge of fore feet. Can walk up to 7 miles per day
Good eyesight and excellent sense of smell